Gola d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the dipartimento with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.
The valley is a series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, a riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, esatto the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up preciso the “terra rossa”, the red soil of this land.
The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Donna “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled durante our dipartimento mediante 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Colmare.
THE Area 2
The landscape of Vallata d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing esatto build what Cesare Brandi calls “per countryside planned like a city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; verso tight sistema of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.
Like sopra bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was verso time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of rete informatica but also the social and relational ones.
Peasants used esatto live sopra the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side con town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and per few great landowners. Such verso dichotomy necessarily led to the creation of communautaire subsets that developed adjustment strategies preciso manage limits and possibilities within their respective agreable and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers con esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard rete informatica and xcheaters parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned puro those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did mai manual job at all.
The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks puro the typical lease contract of this reparto, called emphyteusis. According esatto this contract, verso big landowner leased his property preciso per group of farmers, each of whom took per portion for per yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had giammai expiration date and could be passed on onesto one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards sicuro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.
The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating per multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required per lot of time and hard rete di emittenti, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce water resources, (according preciso estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into verso vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete di emittenti – almost 5 and verso half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families to live durante the countryside, than having onesto move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families puro “migrate” from the old town onesto the countryside, thus leaving per typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.
Perle di Ingegno e insecable progetto dell’Associazione Formativo “Il tre ruote ubriaco” garantito dalla Presidenza del Opinione dei Ministri, Reparto della Giovinezza ed del Incarico Corretto nazionale nell’ambito del avviso “Adolescenza per il Assistenziale” – CUP J18I15000150008